Weava Collection - Research on Cricket essay (players, South Africa, Cricket, CSA, Cricket South Africa)
- The biggest domestic issue tackled was the size of the franchise system. More than ten years ago - in the 2004-5 season - CSA abandoned their 11-team provincial in favour of six franchises, effectively almost halving the number of professional cricketers in the country. This has resulted in a narrowing of opportunity, with only around 90 contracts available per season.
In a bid to stem the talent drain and seek out a deeper talent pool, the panel recommended the addition of one more franchise to increase player number to 105. A possible location for this franchise was not revealed but the Eastern Cape - the heartland of black African cricket - is a likely possibility.
- On Monday it was confirmed that David Wiese had followed the path of Kyle Abbott and Rilee Rossouw into English domestic cricket joining Stiaan van Zyl, Simon Harmer, Hardus Viljoen who signed for counties last year.
- n increasingly politicised times in South African sport, it is impossible to ignore that three of the four cricketers banned on Monday were black Africans and two of them - Tsolekile and Mbhalati - seniors at their franchise. With CSA's focus on transformation, which now includes targets in the national team as well as franchise sides, this is a setback and Lorgat admitted as much.
- But protests erupted again last month after a government proposal to raise tuition fees by up to 8% in 2017.
- South Africa's president has warned that the protests, which have caused about $44m (£34m) in damage to property in the last few weeks, could threaten to sabotage the country's entire higher education system.
- Many of those protesting are arguing that they come from poor families, and despite the government promise, fear the increase will rob them of the opportunity to continue studying.
Students say the fee hikes amount to discrimination in a country where the average income of black families is far less than that of white families.
- The government is addressing South African citizens’ “complaints about illegal and undocumented migrants, the takeover of local shops and other businesses by foreign nationals as well as perceptions that foreign nationals perpetrate crime,” Zuma’s office said in a statement.
- ome South Africans have accused immigrants of taking jobs and opportunities away from them. The latest violence followed reported comments by Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini, an influential figure among the Zulu ethnic group, that foreigners should “pack their bags” and leave. The king has since appealed for an end to the unrest
- The violence against immigrants is “an expression of a terrible failure of memory by South Africans” who endured racial intolerance under apartheid, two South African foundations said. The foundations are named after anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela, who died in 2013, and Ahmed Kathrada, another campaigner against the white racist rule that ended in 1994.
- South Africa president Jacob Zuma condemned the violence and assigned several Cabinet ministers to work on the problem with officials in KwaZulu-Natal province, which includes Durban.
- At least five people have been killed and hundreds forced to flee their homes in one of South Africa’s worst outbreaks of xenophobic violence in years, authorities said on Tuesday.
- When CSA announced their intentions in September, they committed, over the course of a season, to playing a minimum average of six players of colour in a starting XI (54%) of whom at least two (18%) would be black African. That meant that instead of imposing a stipulated number of players of colour that needed to take the field in each match, CSA gave themselves room to be flexible. Over the 29 international matches played between September and March, South Africa have fielded 176 - or 55.1% - players of colour of whom 61 (19.1%) are black African.
- The tit-for-tat measures follow a surge of attacks on foreigners in Durban, Johannesburg and other parts of South Africa, in which at least six people have been killed, more than 5,000 displaced, and shops looted and razed. Most of those affected “are refugees and asylum seekers who were forced to leave their countries due to war and persecution”, the UN high commissioner for refugees said.
- During the 2012 Kaya Majola Schools Week, 31% of the players were black. The transition from schools to provincial cricket since then has been pretty equal, with 20.5% of the white players going on to represent their provincial teams and 21% of the black players doing the same. But when it comes to making the step up from provincial to franchise level, the numbers are more worrying. Nearly 55% of white players went on to play for a franchise, versus just 32.3% of black players.
- Demographic representation cannot be the beginning and end of the argument, especially when considering the broader sporting context.
The AFL in Australia had 9% of players listed as being aboriginal in 2014. Yet they represent only 2.5% of the Australian population. Aborigines suffered gross mistreatment in Australia and, while the two countries are not necessarily comparable, it is a notable statistic.
During the 2014 Soccer World Cup, the squads were incredibly diverse. For example, African-Ecuadorians make up just 6% of the population but constituted almost the entire squad. Algeria’s squad was almost entirely born in France, while the Swiss team was almost two-thirds migrant descent, with players of African-German and African-Spanish roots.
- Ten years on, the absence of black African batsmen is also still a concern. Across all franchise competitions in 2014-15, there was not a single black batsman in the top five.
- Adequate management of the hubs and RPC programmes, as well as the monitoring of quality of coaching at all cricket programmes – including the franchise teams – will always be a challenge, especially with the lure of foreign currency on offer to SA’s best coaches. The latter in particular has become starkly apparent in recent weeks.
- Overcoming those will take more people or businesses like Mthetheleli Ngumbela in Healdtown, and, most critically, it will take a widespread effort from government to invest in the people far too often forgotten about in a country that is so vast.
- Mamelodi, housing about 500,000 people, has just one cricket field, which means players who are interested in the sport have to travel from far and wide to access the facility. Cape Town’s Bishop’s College, Herschelle Gibbs’ Alma mater, has eight fields, including one under floodlights. The case is the same for many other top South African schools.
- Broadly, the system is functioning, but the players in these RPCs and Hubs are still not playing enough matches and the quality of matches is often poor. This is something CSA has identified as an issue to rectify.
- But transport, expensive gear and lack of facilities remain obstacles. While the sport’s governing body is doing its best with limited resources, it simply cannot absorb all the costs involved in levelling the playing field.
- But no amount of enthusiasm can eliminate the fundamental challenges of lack of equipment, transport and, in many cases, nutrition. Kids who come from such desperately poor backgrounds often turn up to practice hungry. These very real issues, coupled with the logistical nightmare of arranging for regular, quality fixtures, is one of the biggest challenges facing development of black talent in the country.
- And therein lies the crux. While Cricket South Africa, along with its sponsors, is doing all it can to provide opportunities to the cream of the crop, many could be slipping through the net because the education and cricket programmes in rural areas are not what they should be. These are issues for the Department of Education to address, especially when you consider that about 70 schools across the country have accounted for the 150 international cricket players in the country since readmission. A holistic approach to developing South Africa’s young people is desperately needed, not just for transformation in sport, but in order for the country to thrive.
- The Hubs and Regional Performance Centres (RPCs) are each responsible for providing coaching to schools in their catchment area. In 2014, the number of Hubs and RPCs sat at 46 and, in 2015, CSA signed an Operational Agreement with the Departments of Basic Education (DBE) and Sport and Recreation South Africa (SRSA) to increase that number to 58.
- At the time, the governing body said it was looking to “unlock all the talent available in our country, especially black African,” and upped its investment in facilities across the country from R8-million to R17-million, in a bid to do so.
- Player Plus is responsible for the personal development of players while CSA’s academy system itself is responsible for conducting a scientific needs-analysis on all their identified players and provide relevant support (allowance, accommodation, travel cost, bursary, equipment, medical etc) based on the individual’s needs and means.
- “I don’t care what colour players are — if they are good enough they must play,” is a go-to favourite in the public discourse when discussing transformation. This might fly in a normal society, but South African society is far from normal.
- The question is, then, how do we define a “drop in standards”? Is it directly equitable to runs scored and wickets taken, or is it possible that there is an element of passive racism underpinning the notion that players of colour being given an opportunity means weakening the side?
- His broken takkies would soon be replaced by boots Hayes bought for him. Ntini would struggle to get to grips with the cricket boots, but when he eventually did, he refused to take them off. A process that included a bursary to Dale College followed, but it was still far from easy.
- At the hubs, the message from all the coaches and players is clear: well organised cricket structures and facilities help young people from disadvantaged backgrounds stay out of trouble. A child in sport is a child out of court, or so the saying goes.
- The passion for cricket in these rural areas, despite the obstacles that the youngsters here face, is obvious. Sport provides a distraction from the stark realities of life — only around two-thirds or 65,1% of Eastern Cape households stay in formal dwellings and in 2016, the poverty headcount came in at 12.7%, according to Stats SA. Nearly half a million households in the Eastern Cape say that they ran out of money in the last 12 months to buy food, while over a fifth missed a meal. But sport also offers a pathway out of poverty. Bursaries to better schools, funded by Cricket South Africa, university and eventually a contract, are the end game for many of the youngsters who first begin playing softball cricket at the age of six.
- Andile Phehlukwayo, who was part of the 2016 academy as well as the 2015 Under-19 World Cup winning team, joined the South African A team on a tour to Zimbabwe after his stint at the academy and claimed his best ever figures in a first class match (seven for 82) as he helped bowl South Africa A to an innings and 81 run victory.
- A 20-year-old black player’s socio-economic background might require him or her to look for a job to support a young family.
- In the final weeks of researching this piece, no fewer than three South African officials left for jobs in New Zealand, and Allan Donald, South Africa’s former bowling coach, is now with the Australian team.
- There is nothing new about threats and fears of a “white flight” in post-apartheid South Africa. Last year, responding to Sports Minister Fikile Mbalula’s crackdown on CSA for “not meeting their own set transformation targets”, Jacques Kallis tweeted: “So sad that I find myself embarrassed to call myself a South African so often these days #no place for politics in sport.”
- The players’ letter was aptly accompanied by the hashtag #DrinksCarriersMustFall, linking their struggles to black students’ struggles to achieve free, decolonised education and using the hashtags #RhodesMustFall and #FeesMustFall.
- Just a few weeks in and 2017 has already been quite a year for transformation in cricket. When the Proteas completed an emphatic series win against Sri Lanka in Cape Town last week, all 20 wickets were taken by black players. Given the dire state of transformation in cricket, this is certainly a first.
- This is the conundrum faced by black cricketers: when black players are selected, it is automatically assumed to be because they are black and when white players are not selected, it is assumed it is because they are white.
- There is a tired familiarity with these debates. We recall Kevin Pietersen, who left South Africa to play in England. In his 2006 book he claimed: “I was dropped because of the quota system” and “I should not have been discriminated against because of something that happened years before my time.” Pietersen says that he had no option but to leave because “I would have been frozen out by the system”.
- and concludes that their nonselection erodes players’ “human dignity and self-esteem”.
- If anyone knew how to change that, they would have tried it by now, but as things stand, South Africa is facing up to the fact that it cannot undo hundreds of years of hurt in a few decades
- As things stand, since readmission South Africa have fielded more players of colour in shorter formats - 43.7% of T20 caps have been players of colour, and 30% of ODIs players, compared to 25% of Test players. But this creates another and perhaps more serious problem. A context-less ODI or T20 could become a farce in which all 11 players are of colour, to make up for a shortfall in Tests. What sort of message will that send to those players?
- These players will never know whether they are in an XI because they are good enough or because they are helping fulfil a target.
- As a result, South African cricket will lose the talent it has produced and nurtured through what remains an excellent school and academy system. Even a country as rich in talent as South Africa cannot afford such a drain if it hopes to continue to compete with the best.
- While South Africa were still on tour in India, a group of black cricketers sent a letter to CSA demanding to know why they were being picked for tours only to carry drinks. "If we are not ready for international cricket, stop picking us," the letter said, referencing Zondo and Phangiso. CSA has never clarified whether these concerns were addressed, but if it starts manipulating which matches players are picked for, the board could receive many more such letters.
- Rabada will not have the luxury of being managed the way other top-level bowlers are, and perhaps he will end up bowling all his overs before he turns 30. That might be the price he has to pay for being a once-in-a-generation kind of player.
- Recent research has shown that most black African players are lost when they begin to professionalise because of socio-economic pressures to get a job, support an extended family and find security. To combat that, more of them need to be contracted to franchises so they are available for national selection
- The word "target" might as well be pinned to their backs, because that is what they have become.
- With the targets, it will likely be Duminy in the XI, but then he has to carry the knowledge that his inclusion could have been influenced by criteria other than cricket.
- As the economy gets worse, poor blacks and African immigrants compete for scarce resources at the township level. African immigrants are likely to be better educated and more resourceful than locals – and the local response has been to turn to violence to stamp out the competition.
- South Africa is facing two crises simultaneously: the government is not delivering effective public services to the poor, while the economy is in a slump with job losses in the private sector and increasingly in the public sector.
But democratic institutions, such as parliament, are also perceived to be failing poor black South Africans. Because of this, people increasingly seek answers in populist, tribalist, ethnic and fundamentalist “solutions”. They look for scapegoats, whether “capitalists”, “settlers”, “foreigners”.
- However, numerous sources close to the team and selectors suggested to ESPNcricinfo that Philander was also required to fulfill what they have termed an "unofficial quota", which requires including at least four players of colour in the South African side.
- But insiders say both were upset by the decision to play him at the time, with some reports suggesting de Villiers threatened to quit the captaincy. Horn hinted that there was unhappiness in the camp before they stepped on to Eden Park and accepted the blame for failing to motivate the players enough to influence the result positively.
- Mike Horn has become the first insider from the South African camp to corroborate the reports of interference in team selection for the 2015 World Cup semi-final. Horn, who was with the squad as a consultant during the tournament, told journalists at the Laureus Sports Awards in Shanghai that politics "had a role to play" in the selection of the team that took the field against New Zealand.
- Tough luck. It will probably take a while for the country to restore its image after last month's brutal onslaught against foreigners left at least seven people dead, about 5,000 homeless and the livelihoods of many more destroyed after foreign-owned shops were looted and torched.
- Today's cricket hero, therefore, now wishes to be identified as a professional craftsman with only a secondary responsibility to the wider socio-political agenda carried out by his predecessors. he does not wish to carry the burden of responsibility for nationalist pride, regional integration and the viability of the nation-state. he sees himself as an apolitical, transnational, global professional aiming to maximize financial earnings within an attractive market, and is principally motivated and guided by these considerations.
- The new post-nationalist paradigm has its own distinctive moral features, ideological trajectory and social culture. An important feature is that cricket heroes have rejected the popular perception of themselves as role models, ambassadors and representatives of social idealism. They see this as limiting and socially bankrupt.
- These post-nationalist players want to function as "pure" entrepreneurs within the market economy of sport, and with a minimum emotional or ideological bond to the psychological needs of nation-states. Their commitment is to the cash nexus that recognizes none of the sentiment of the political agendas of the nationalist paradigm. Sport, they suggest, is an economic activity that transcends political boundaries and ideological sensibilities.
- The new post-nationalist paradigm has its own distinctive moral features, ideological trajectory and social culture. An importa
- What has happened in the post-Jamesian decades is that the nationalist and regionalist projects have collapsed under the weight of what is described as a cocktail of political opportunism and economic incompetence.
- World cricket is now a media spectacle, and West Indians, perhaps more than other players, seem most indifferent to the gaze of their national publics and political leaders.
- There is no political movement that roots its concepts in the idealism of the historic struggle for structural social equality with material justice. In fact, these ideals have been politically defeated by the ideological success of the neoliberal right.
- The players, happy for the income, did not feel any contradictory sentiment with this global identification largely because it is in line with their own thinking and self-perception. It would be unreasonable to expect any other reaction from them given their universal belief that their own nation-states have been unable, or unwilling, to offer them satisfactory remuneration.
- In their quest to accumulate cash under conditions of apartheid, dozens of West Indian players turned their backs on the foreign policy positions of their states and stipulations of cricket officials. In some cases, they publicly rejected the views of political leaders whom they accused of duplicity with respect to their own involvement in clandestine trade links with South Africa, and for supporting openly informal white supremacy systems and values at home.
- An important feature is that cricket heroes have rejected the popular perception of themselves as role models, ambassadors and representatives of social idealism. They see this as limiting and socially bankrupt.
- Thami Tsolekile could have been the ultimate South African success story. I am a Tsolekile sympathiser and I believe he was hard done by. Not only did I think he deserved an opportunity at a time when South Africa's national team had a glaring absence of black African representation, I thought he was good enough regardless of his colour. His overall numbers - especially his batting average - might not support the promise he carried, but his was a career of two halves, the second of which was more prosperous. He was also something of a prodigy at junior levels. After Tsolekile moved to Lions in 2009-10, a decade after his first-class debut, his batting improved markedly. In six seasons with them he averaged 40.23, and in the same period he averaged 45.14 for South Africa A. It was widely acknowledged during that time that he was the best wicketkeeper in the country. He was on a central contract and had been assured of an opportunity to represent South Africa again. That he did not is a blight on South African cricket. What he did after that is a blight on himself.
It was a sign of Tsolekile's promise that he, and not Graeme Smith, was captain of South Africa's U19 World Cup side
How did Tsolekile became the man the world now knows, a player banned for 12 years by Cricket South Africa (CSA) for "contriving to fix" matches? There are no answers but here is his story. Like many young South Africans, Tsolekile grew up playing sport. His home, on Harlem Avenue in a Cape Town township, was next door to Langa Cricket Club, which played in the Western Province Cricket League. Cricket was in his family: his grandfather, Hlubi Zibi Tsolekile, played for Western Province in the 1970s. The reason you may not have heard of him is the reason you may not have heard of Ben Malamba or William Magitshima or any of their team-mates. Those players could not play with or against the Pollocks and the Ackermans; they were governed by a different board and made do with playing in non-white leagues. They received scant media coverage and are largely forgotten. They had nothing like the opportunities that came the way of the next generation.
Tsolekile made his Test debut in 2004 in India, but struggled as a keeper with the uneven bounce and spin © AFP
For Tsolekile, that opportunity came in the form of a bursary to Pinelands High School, less than 10km from Langa but a world apart. At school he had access to well-maintained facilities and coaches. Tsolekile excelled and broke several school cricket records, but his reflexes and superior hand-eye coordination also allowed him to thrive at hockey. "Thami was the most extraordinarily talented hockey player," says John Young, a coach who worked at Langa and who has acted as Tsolekile's agent in the past. "He combined skill, speed and exceptional vision with a very high work rate and a very unselfish attitude." Tsolekile was able to apply those skills at Langa as well, and he swiftly became an iconic presence at the club. As the star player he was targeted by the opposition. He was often provoked and would occasionally respond, once to his detriment. In a hockey match in the Grand Challenge League - the top tier of provincial hockey - Tsolekile was yellow-carded by umpire Neil Schluter for protesting a foul, which resulted in a five-minute suspension from the field. As he walked off he threw his shirt on the ground in irritation, which, in turn, extended his suspension. "At the end of the game, Schluter refused to shake hands, made an arrogant remark and turned away," Young remembers. "Tsolekile put his hand on the umpire's shoulder, intending to speak to him. For that he was red-carded. This became in pubs and newspaper columns some kind of assault."
The Sunday Times predicted that Tsolekile would face a lengthy ban. "Nice article to call me a crook without any facts," he WhatsApped me. I asked for his side of the story again but got no reply
Langa appealed the red card, unsuccessfully, but the panel overseeing the affair concluded in their report that Schluter was "over-zealous in his handling of the matches", and decided he should be counselled by the Western Province Umpires Association to "adopt a more facilitative approach". The incident is often cited in media reports to illustrate Tsolekile's volatile temperament, which his supporters say is a mistaken assessment. His reputation, a former team-mate at Western Province explains, may have been a defence mechanism. "It was a pretty difficult space for a young black African to be in," the team-mate says. "In the early 2000s, provincial teams were still very much like old boys' clubs, and with transformation only starting, players of colour were regarded with some suspicion."
- South Africa's premier tertiary institution, the University of Cape Town (UCT), has been wracked by violence since the campus opened its doors for the new academic year in February.
- The Wits University in South Africa's economic hub of Johannesburg has seen similar protests.
- The issues may differ from one campus to the next, but there is an underlying theme: post-apartheid South Africa has not lived up to its promises.
If you are poor and black it is still extremely difficult to get a good education in this country, let alone dream of going to a tertiary institution.
- The week ended the way it began, with violence escalating even further after students at the North West University in Potchefstroom torched an administration building, library and computer lab.
- Black students from impoverished backgrounds are hardest hit by the shortcomings. If they don't get into a university residence, they're usually unable to afford the high price of living off campus in Cape Town
- Students erected a tin shack on campus grounds to serve as a powerful symbolic protest against the lack of student accommodation. There are 27,000 students enrolled at UCT, and there is only accommodation for 6,000 of them.
- The university in South Africa's Free State, once a bastion of apartheid and right wing movements, is also grappling with complex issues.
- With that investigation now advanced but ongoing, Tsolekile and three other players – Jean Symes, Pumelela Matshikwe, Ethy Mbhalati – have received lengthy suspensions, effectively ending their careers.
- But the problem doesn’t end at fees, activists say. Universities are part of a broken system that has failed to address South Africa’s enduring inequities, they say
- More than 20 years after the end of apartheid, students protesting under the banner of #FeesMustFall say South African universities are prohibitively expensive, shutting out a disproportionate number of black students from access to higher education.
- The specifics of each federation's targets have not been made public but there was a general 60% players-of-colour target across national representative men's teams. CSA fell short of that, with 55% of their team made up of players of colour and 45% white.
- "The projections (for demographic representation) stretch into 2030 and 2040. We cannot have that," Willie Basson, a member of the EPG and a former CSA acting president, said.
- The other major area under consideration was black African representation, which has become a pressing issue in the country. Mbalula explained there was both a moral and strategic need to increase black African representation. "It is the right thing to do considering the grave injustices of the past but there is also the reality that 84% of the country's under-18 population is black African. To ignore this from a sustainability perspective alone will be suicidal," Mbalula said. CSA only had 9% black African representation in the national team.
- Bitter infighting broke out within South African cricket in February when Arendse refused to approve the squad initially chosen to tour Bangladesh because it included only four black players.
- "The players believe in the goals of transformation, but all of them -- black and white -- are adamant that this should not be achieved by interfering in the selection of the national team."
- "South Africa stands to lose two of its premier fast bowlers, Charl Langeveldt and Andre Nel, because of political interference in selection," SACA chief executive officer Tony Irish said in a statement on Wednesday.
"Charl Langeveldt's request to be removed from the squad to tour India is the desperate unhappiness of a player who knows that he has been selected for this tour for quota reasons."
- Reports in South African media have suggested that Philander was included in the team on the insistence of members of the CSA board and against the wishes of both the coach and captain.
- It was also mooted that the semi-professional amateur sides field seven players of colour, up from six, including four black Africans but CSA has since backtracked on that after a legal threat from SACA. Semi-professionals will continue to field six players of colour with three black Africans, while CSA has given the franchises R350,000 (US$29,057) each to conclude further contracts.
- South Africa made two changes from that game for their quarter-final against Sri Lanka. Du Plessis returned and Abbott replaced Philander. A CSA release on the day of the match said Philander was injured but a source close to the team denied that a few days later and said Abbott's inclusion had been tactical.
- The reports said board members apparently insisted on Philander's inclusion to ensure South Africa fielded four players of colour. Even though there is no official quota at international level, it is the norm to field four players of colour, the number that used to make up the quota before it was scrapped in 2007. South Africa slipped below that number for half of their eight games at the World Cup, which is believed to have become a cause for concern among the administrators.
- "It's four years of security, and playing cricket is an incredibly insecure environment for anyone," he said. "Knowing that I've got income for the next four years - it will take me to nearly 34 - that's quite reassuring. I look at things like the 2019 World Cup, would I be playing in there? Probably not. I think how many Tests I can probably play in the next two or three years. I am not going to get to 50. There's a few things considered."
- A group of black African cricketers calling themselves Black Cricketers in Unity, have asked CSA to address their concerns over their treatment in national squads, claiming they are mostly being used as drinks carriers. The group has also questioned CSA's commitment to rebalancing the racial divisions caused by South Africa's Apartheid past.
- And it’s not as if nobody is aware of these challenges. Buried deep inside the Eminent Persons Group report, the document that led to the ban by Mbalula, there is a section which scores the available facilities for schools. According to the data, there are 2,580 primary schools currently playing cricket. The percentage of “township schools” participating in cricket is apparently at 44%, most likely due to CSA’s “hub system”.
- Although CSA staunchly denies that these targets were introduced solely to satisfy the minister, it is hard to ignore the coincidence that the hosting of the 2018 World T20 is as good as theirs if they win the minister’s approval.
- Alarmingly, the average number of facilities for primary schools sits at 0.04. Considering schools in more affluent suburbs often have more than one cricket field, many schools in disadvantaged areas will have a big fat zero tick in the facilities box. While club cricket is thriving in the townships, it is the school system and the lack of access to resources at those school systems that remain a problem. Building those facilities is not CSA’s mandate. Ignoring this as an integral part of transformation is dangerous.
- CSA already has had strict targets for franchises and semi-pro teams at domestic level for the last three seasons. While the governing body has always maintained that it does not want to reintroduce targets at national level, they now feel that the progress is not happening soon enough and it that needs to be forced from the top down.
- The introduction of targets could perhaps help eliminate these issues, but forcing transformation from the top down carries the risk of fostering and even encouraging complacency. Far more pertinently, it absolves Mbalula and his ilk of any sort of responsibility. The minister’s obsession with numbers at national level is either a convenient scapegoat for the department’s shortcomings or shows a distinct lack of understanding of the process of transformation.
- Since May 11, 2008, the xenophobic violence spreading across South Africa has claimed 44 lives, displaced 20,000 people, and left countless victims injured and robbed of their property. Police have arrested more than 500 people on charges of public violence, malicious damage to property, and grievous bodily harm. The courts are currently processing their cases.
- Lungi Ngidi and Andile Phehlukwayo have both made an impression at international level. And domestically Sibonelo Makhanya has established his credentials for the Dolphins in the limited overs formats while Aviwe Mgijima has slowly made himself almost indispensable at the Cobras.
- Cricket South Africa had been working towards that for a few seasons and naturally there were bumps along the way. Most notably in the 2015/16 season when CSA received a letter from black African cricketers who were unhappy with the manner in which they were being treated, while later that season certain white cricketers threatened a boycott feeling that they were likely to lose their places at provincial and franchise level and thus their means of income.
- Cricket South Africa had set targets for the national men’s team to play an average minimum of 54 per cent black players and average minimum of 18 per cent black African players over the season.
They have exceeded those targets - black players have averaged 55.51 per cent over the season and black African players 19.15 per cent.
- Most of these people have consistently voted for the African National Congress of Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki, and next year they will probably make Jacob Zuma South Africa's next president. What they have witnessed under an ANC government, however, is how a small elite have enriched themselves, how whites have actually benefited from freedom and how the majority still lives in poverty with high rates of violence and illness.
- y today, 22 people have been murdered in orchestrated attacks by groups of South Africans against immigrants in poor townships around Johannesburg. Two of these were burned to death. The victims are mainly Zimbabwean immigrants. News reports quote the attackers as saying the immigrants are "job stealers".