Weava Collection - Research on Nestle Case Analysis (Background of Flint) (water, Nestlé, company, Michigan, formula)
Michigan residents deplore plan to let Nestlé pump water for next to nothing | US news | The Guardian
- he company was sued by residents more than a decade ago, over a nearly identical permit.
In that case, Nestlé pumped 400 gallons of water per minute from a plant 30 miles south in Mecosta, Michigan. That rate is equal to around 576,000 gallons per day and 210 gallons per year. For a sense of scale, one million gallons is roughly the equivalent of a 267ft long, 50ft wide and 10ft deep swimming pool, according to the US Geological Survey.
In 2009, a settlement allowed Nestlé to pump 218 gallons of water a minute.
- “Why on earth would the state of Michigan, given our lack of money to address water matters of our own, like Flint, even consider giving MORE water for little or no cost to a foreign corporation with annual profits in the billions?” a man from Ada, Michigan wrote to regulators, who provided the message and others to the Guardian.
“Please do not attempt to justify giving away our resources for the ‘benefit’ of Nestlé adding 20 more jobs.”
The Nestlé plant at Evart is just 120 miles from Flint, where a recent move by public officials to save money by switching water sources caused lead to contaminate the city’s water.
- Flint’s water is still not safe to drink without a filter and health have officials said bacterial illnesses are on the rise because residents fear bathin
State approves next step for Nestle water bottling plant in Gorge, despite county vote | KGW.com
- Nestle also said it had not abandoned the plan for a Cascade Locks water bottling plant.
Nestle may also be looking elsewhere in the gorge. The Goldendale Sentinel reports that Nestle is pitching a bottling plant in Goldendale, Wash., at the eastern end of the Columbia River Gorge. A water bottling plant could pull from Bloodgood Springs there.
Nestle bottled water operations spark protests amid California drought | US news | The Guardian
- Last week, Nestle CEO Tim Brown declared he had no intentions of pulling his water sourcing operations out of the state. If anything, he said in a radio interview, he would like to increase operations.
“There are over 1 million Californians who are without safe access to clean water in California today,” said Walker Foley of Food & Water Watch, a Washington-based NGO.
- estle and other companies like Walmart continue to source water for bottling in California, buying at the same rate as residents and selling at one hundred times the profit.
- In some small, poor California communities facing clean-water crises, residents spend up to 10% of their income on bottled water, the organization says.
Announcements – BUAD326.W01_FALL 2016
- Nestle: Water as Commodity
Bottled Water at Issue in Great Lakes
- Opponents say Nestle's pumping is lowering water levels in local creeks and lakes -- systems that feed the Great Lakes. In Ontario, a hydrologist hired by a group opposing the Nestle plant reported that the company was using 7 percent of the local water supply and depleting the flow of a creek.
The pros and cons of water privatization
- On the other side of the fence, those who are opposed to privatization point out the risks involved in entrusting the management of water resources to private entities. Some of the problems include higher water rates, and the difficulty in ensuring that the new managers respect their obligation to develop the water supply in poorer areas, where consumption is lower
THE CONTROVERSY OVER INFANT FORMULA - NYTimes.com
- Overdilution is another serious hazard of formula-feeding. ous hazard of formula-feeding.
- The formula itself is a nutritious product, and it can be an acceptable alternative to breast milk under certain conditions: when the mother can afford to buy sufficient quantities; when she has access to refrigeration, clean water and adequate sanitation, and when she can understand the directions well enough to mix the formula properly.
- He and many other physicians argue, however, that most third-world women cannot use formula safely and that, as a result, their babies become seriously ill and malnourished. They also charge that aggressive marketing of formula has contributed to a vast shift away from breast milk, the safest and most nutritious food for infants.
The formula companies deny that their marketing has influenced the choice of feeding methods, and they contend that misuse of their products is rare. For them, a rich global market is at stake. Formula sales in this country reached $550 million last year at the wholesale level, divided principally among Abbott Laboratories (50 to 55 percent), the Bristol-Myers Company (40 percent), and American Home Products Corporation (8 percent). In the world market, estimated to be as great as $2 billion wholesale, Swiss-based Nestle commands a 50 percent share, while the American companies and dozens of other competitors divide the rest.
- The health consequences of the shift to bottle-feeding in the third world have been severe. Halfdan Mahler, director general of the W.H.O., says that ''evidence from developing countries indicates that infants breast-fed less than six months, or not at all, have a mortality rate 5 to 10 times higher in the second six months of life than those breast-fed six months or more.''
A baby who does not suckle loses the immunological protection that mother's milk provides against the bacterial assault of polluted water and primitive sanitation. In Western countries, where contamination is seldom a problem, the loss of these antibodies is not disastrous. And yet the Cooperstown, N.Y., study suggests that even infants in developed societies, when denied the immune agents in mother's milk, have higher rates of serious illness, though nutritionists caution that much more research needs to be done.
- And if the infant does not finish its bottle of formula, the mother may save the rest, unrefrigerated, until the next feeding. ''Stored at room temperature in a tropical country,'' says Dr. Taylor of Johns Hopkins, ''you have explosive bacterial growth. So the bottle becomes a lethal instrument.''
- For a time, many companies employed ''mothercraft'' nurses, most of whom wore white uniforms, who visited women in maternity wards and in their homes. As they helped mothers to cope with infant-rearing problems, many of the nurses also promoted their company's formula. Dressed in traditional nurses' uniforms, they conveyed the false impression that independent health professionals - not company employees - were recommending formula feeding. The major companies finally responded to harsh criticism of these practices by eliminating first the uniforms and then the nurses who had worn them.
- Nutritionists agree that formula has a role in feeding the youngest infants in developing countries, but cost is the key, and only mothers who can afford to buy enough to prepare it at the proper strength should use it, they say
- Mother's milk also provides a clean and sterile method of feeding. When babies in third-world countries feed on formula, they face myriad dangers from their bottles. Fatima Patel, a nurse who works with Peruvian Indians in the Amazon, told Senator Kennedy's committee in 1978 how villagers prepare formula in that area: ''The river is used as a laundry, as a bathroom, as a toilet and for drinking water,'' she said. ''Now, you can tell ... but to get the fuel to boil that water, she has to go into the jungle, chop a tree trunk with a machete ... and carry it on her back. No mother is going to use that hard-earned piece of wood to boil that water. ... So, the babies are drinking the contaminated water.''
Nestle chairman: Time to turn off the water taps
- He's more concerned about the other 98.5 percent. "I don't think it's a human right to fill up a swimming pool. I don't think it's a human right to wash cars. I don't think it's a human right to water a golf course," he said.
Water policies and stewardship | Nestlé Global
- Providing enough water for a rising global population to drink, and for producing enough food, is a global challenge that requires collaborative action, so we welcome growing stakeholder interest in water stewardship issues.
- Nestlé currently chairs the 2030 Water Resources Group, a public–private–civil society collaboration that aims to address supply and demand issues in water-stressed locations by 2030. Work has been going on for some time in South Africa, Karnataka (India) and Mongolia, while projects in Kenya, India and Bangladesh started during 2015
Nestlé Chairman Peter Brabeck Says We Don't Have a Right to Water, Believes We Do Have a Right to Water and Everyone's Confused. (Video) | Huffington Post
- Nestlé Chairman and former CEO Peter Brabeck suggests that declaring water a right is ‘extreme’ and asserts that water is a foodstuff best valued and distributed by the free market
- The World Health Organization estimates that human beings need between 25-50 liters of water a day to maintain basic health and hygiene. This is called our Basic Water Requirement . But imagine living on list 25 liters of water a day and maintaining your dignity. For many of us, this would be difficult.
States have an obligation to protect access to the water a person needs to survive (25-50 liters), while at the same time working to ensure that all persons have access to the amount of water they need to thrive
- Mr. Brabeck insists that by assigning water a price, we’ll become more aware of just how precious it really is
Amid Western drought, Oregon county to vote on Nestlé bottling public water | Business | The Guardian
- Opponents of the bottling operation fear that because of automation, local jobs are likely to be few and that 15 years of tax abatements promised to Nestlé would restrict local revenues to a vanishing point. They also worry that hundreds of heavy trucks rumbling through Cascade Locks every day to take the water to an offsite bottling plant and then to market would incur millions of dollars in road improvement costs and have a disastrous impact on tourism and other burgeoning local businesses, including a brewery, a wood chip factory and a fish market.
Not Everyone Can Work for Costco - Bloomberg View
- strategy of paying efficiency wages to attract, and retain, a higher-quality labor force is by definition a business model that cannot be followed by everyone in the market. If all the employers of minimum-wage labor followed Costco’s lead and paid higher wages and benefits, Costco would be less profitable, because the quality of its labor force would revert to the mean. And Costco’s loss would not necessarily be a gain to any other employer; they’d be paying higher wages but still enjoying the same average workforce quality.
- Efficiency wages only work because the workers are getting more than they could make elsewhere. If everyone was paying the same wages, all the benefits to the employer would disappear.
- But mostly, it was about reducing turnover and thereby speeding up the line.
- efficiency wage. Paying workers more than the going market rate for their skill level can bring a lot of benefits to your company. You get lower turnover and, arguably, better on-the-job performance. This springs from four sources:
Paying workers more than other workers in their skill class makes them feel warmly toward you. Humans are hard-wired for reciprocity: When someone gives us something, we feel obligated to give them something in return. So if you treat your employees extra-well, they feel obligated to treat you extra-well.
Workers know that if they lose this job, they are likely to end up with a job that pays less. They are thus highly motivated to keep this job.
Employers get to be choosier about who they hire.
The wage attracts people with better skills.
- efficiency wage is determined by the overall wage level in the marketplace. A wage is generous or stingy not by some naturally ordained scale, but in comparison to your alternatives.
As Cities Move to Privatize Water, Atlanta Steps Back - The New York Times
- unresponsive and fraught with breakdowns, including an epidemic of water-main breaks and occasional ''boil only'' alerts caused by brown water pouring from city taps.
- Instead of public savings and private profit, a deal reached in 1999 between Atlanta and United Water resulted in bitter disappointments for all sides, not least of all consumers. Atlanta is now retaking control of a system that United Water was to have managed until 2019.
Trump revokes Obama guidelines on transgender bathrooms | Reuters
- The federal law in question, known as Title IX, bans sex discrimination in education. But it remains unsettled whether Title IX protections extend to a person's gender identity.
- Attorney General Jeff Sessions said in a statement that the Obama guidelines "did not contain sufficient legal analysis or explain how the interpretation was consistent with the language of Title IX."
- Obama instructed public schools in May 2016 to allow transgender students to use the bathrooms matching their chosen gender identity, threatening to withhold federal funding if they should force transgender children to use bathrooms against their will.
As Flint Suffers, Nestlé Plans Dramatic Expansion of Water Privatization in Michigan | Common Dreams | Breaking News & Views for the Progressive Community
- Nestlé Waters North America is asking the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) for permission to increase allowed pumping from 150 to 400 gallons-per-minute at one of its production wells north of Evart,"
- Many residents of Flint are still forced to rely on bottled water for cleaning, cooking, and bathing as government delays have hampered efforts to replace the corroded pipes.
- What's more, Nestlé, the biggest food company in the world, gets to pump that water at no cost. As MLive reports, "Michigan law allows any private property owner to withdraw from the aquifer under their property for free, subject only to a nominal $200 annual paperwork fee.
Why trading water futures could be in our future
- Dray, a Citigroup analyst who heads up global water-sector research. "The majority of the world population is living in water-scarce and water-stressed regions of the world. "
10 Things They Won't Tell You About the Flint Water Tragedy. But I Will | Huffington Post
- Governor Snyder
- n addition to exposing every child in the city of Flint to lead poisoning on a daily basis, there appears to be a number of other diseases we may be hearing about in the months ahead. The number of cases in Flint of Legionnaires Disease has increased tenfold since the switch to the river water.
- Dennis Muchmore, was intimately involved in all the decisions regarding Flint. His wife is Deb Muchmore, who just happens to be the spokesperson in Michigan for the Nestle Company — the largest owner of private water sources in the State of Michigan.
- The water itself comes from Lake Huron, the third largest body of fresh water in the world.
- Their mission? Cut services to save money so he could give the rich even more breaks. That’s where the idea of switching Flint to river water came from. To save $15 million! It was easy.
- How much would that cost?” came the question. “$100 a day for three months,”
Michigan's Water Wars: Nestlé Pumps Millions of Gallons for Free While Flint Pays for Poisoned Water | Democracy Now!
- PEGGY CASE: They’re drawing the water from a well on private land, for one thing. It would be no different if they came to my house, where I have a well, and asked to use my well to put water in a truck and cart it away. And if I said yes, they have the right to do that.
- n 2001 and 2002, the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality issued permits to Nestlé, the largest water bottling company in the world, to pump up to 400 gallons of water per minute from aquifers that feed Lake Michigan. This sparked a decade-long legal battle between Nestlé and the residents of Mecosta County, Michigan, where Nestlé’s wells are located. One of the most surprising things about this story is that, in Mecosta County, Nestlé is not required to pay anything to extract the water, besides a small permitting fee to the state and the cost of leases to a private landowner. In fact, the company received $13 million in tax breaks from the state to locate the plant in Michigan.
Bottled Water at Issue in Great Lakes
- Anu Bradford, a University of Chicago law professor, said international trade law cannot force a country to extract its natural resources -- such as water "in its pristine form in a lake." But once it is bottled and becomes itself a product, she said, trade agreements would prevent a ban on exports.
- In August, Nestle Waters North America was granted permits for a new well and pipeline at its Ice Mountain facility in Mecosta County, Mich., where it bottles 700,000 gallons a day.
Canadian town steams over Nestlé bid to control local spring water well | World news | The Guardian
- nd we removed all conditions.” He declined to specify the exact amount of the bid.
An agreement forged with Nestlé after its initial bid, made 18 months earlier, gave the company the right to respond. “They had the opportunity to match our offer